Despite its importance, for many years, teaching speaking has been undervalued and English language teachers have continued to teach speaking just as a repetition of drills or memorization of dialogues.
Information gap activities serve many purposes such as solving a problem or collecting information. Reporting Before coming to class, students are asked to read a newspaper or magazine and, in class, they report to their friends what they find as the most interesting news.
Then, each student starts to narrate from the point where the previous one stopped. Journal of Second Language Writing, 16 3 Language, literacy and L2 writing instruction. From the above definition, it can be inferred that speaking is a natural as well as necessary skill to express ideas, opinions, or feelings to others by using words or sounds of articulation in order to inform, to persuade, and to entertain that can be learnt by using some teaching and learning methodologies.
Unfortunately, there are a few studies implementing the approach to speaking. One of the main purposes of the approach is to introduce students to literacy which commonly covers reading and writing.
Simulations Simulations are very similar to role-plays but what makes simulations different than role plays is that they are more elaborate. Moreover, students can interview each other and "introduce" his or her partner to the class. At the independent construction stage, learners write their essays with support from teachers if necessary.
In addition, contexts play an important role in speaking since sometimes improper contexts lead to misunderstanding or miscommunication.
At the modelling stage, teachers can guide learners to identify language features e. It deals with the ability of the students particularly on telling past experiences.
Storytelling Students can briefly summarize a tale or story they heard from somebody beforehand, or they may create their own stories to tell their classmates. The students are a class of eighth graders in state junior high school in Bangka Belitung. Each suit will represent a topic.
Then, each student will write questions about that topic to ask the other people in the group. In terms of policy, if there is any significant improvement, it can be set out as a teaching approach in at least a school. Brain Storming On a given topic, students can produce ideas in a limited time.
There are many activities to promote speaking. The skill is acquired by much repetition; it primarily a neuromuscular and not an intellectual process. Also, each partner plays an important role because the task cannot be completed if the partners do not provide the information the others need.
They also convincingly confess that they speaking skill is improved after taking her class.
Discussion After a content-based lesson, a discussion can be held for various reasons. After interviews, each student can present his or her study to the class.
The students may aim to arrive at a conclusion, share ideas about an event, or find solutions in their discussion groups. One student will have the information that other partner does not have and the partners will share their information.
Story telling fosters creative thinking. In addition, this country curriculum also requires English learners to be able to comprehend all the major skills of language comprising listening, speaking, reading, and writing.
This obviously shows that it is one of the most initially important skills to acquire. It also helps students express ideas in the format of beginning, development, and ending, including the characters and setting a story has to have. Practically, this can be a consideration for teachers to implement or not implement this approach and for further researchers to study the related issues in a more in — depth studies.
It refers to genre — based approach developed by Halliday.
They claimed that rarely did they have chances to speak and whenever they tried to speak they always felt afraid of making mistakes as well as not motivated. Story Completion For this activity, a teacher starts to tell a story, but after a few sentences he or she stops narrating. Related to its function, Richard says that there are three functions of speaking covering interaction, transaction, and performance.
Before the discussion, it is essential that the purpose of the discussion activity is set by the teacher.
Role Play Students pretend they are in various social contexts and have a variety of social roles.Teaching factual writing: a genre-based approach: the report of the DSP Literacy Project, Metropolitan East Region Author: Michael Callaghan ; Joan Rothery ; New South Wales.
Recent studies showed that genre base approach brought benefit in teaching writing (Tuan, ; Yang, ; Nisak, ). Genre-based approach also enhanced students writing ability as Belcher stated, “Using the genre-based approach is its high face validity due to the fact that students are writing papers on topics that they are researching.
Jan 05, · In relation to teaching genres, genre-based approach (GBA), which was firstly established and successfully implemented in Australia and later on successfully implemented in some other countries, is believed to be one of the appropriate ways to deal with the current curriculum (Emilia, ).
English Language Teaching; Vol. 9, No.
9; ISSN E-ISSN Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education 45 Genre-Based Approach: What and Ho w to Teach and to Learn Writing. Approaches to process writing. Average: ( votes) Submitted 15 years 1 month ago by admin.
Raimes A Techniques in teaching writing Oxford University Press A Task-based approach: Action plan for teachers: An introduction to using visualisation.
Integrating the Genre-Based Approach into Teaching Writing in Arabic As a Foreign Language Mahmoud Azaz University of Arizona Abstract Research on teaching writing .Download