Instead the theory needs to be grounded or rooted in observation -- hence the term. When does this process end? There are several key analytic strategies: Eventually one approaches conceptually dense theory as new observation leads to new linkages which lead to revisions in the theory and more data collection.
Coding is a process for both categorizing qualitative data and for describing the implications and details of these categories. Initially one does open coding, considering the data in minute detail while developing some initial categories.
Ethnography is an extremely broad area with a great variety of practitioners and methods. Presumably you have an extremely well-considered explanation for some phenomenon of interest -- the grounded theory.
Memoing is a process for recording the thoughts and ideas of the researcher as they evolve throughout the study. As such, it is probably most related to the method of participant observation. That is, we can study the "culture" of a business or defined group e.
It describes, either explicitly or implicitly, the purpose of the qualitative research, the role of the researcher sthe stages of research, and the method of data analysis.
This integrative work is best done in group sessions where different members of the research team are able to interact and share ideas to increase insight.
You might think of memoing as extensive marginal notes and comments. The diagrams can be any form of graphic that is useful at that point in theory development. Later on the researcher is more engaged in verification and summary. The field researcher typically takes extensive field notes which are subsequently coded and analyzed in a variety of ways.
The core concept or category is identified and fleshed out in detail. Grounded Theory Grounded theory is a qualitative research approach that was originally developed by Glaser and Strauss in the s.
Grounded theory is a complex iterative process.
Integrative diagrams and sessions are used to pull all of the detail together, to help make sense of the data with respect to the emerging theory. As the researcher begins to gather data, core theoretical concept s are identified. Ethnography The ethnographic approach to qualitative research comes largely from the field of anthropology.
Tentative linkages are developed between the theoretical core concepts and the data. Originally, the idea of a culture was tied to the notion of ethnicity and geographic location e. It has a long history in several social research disciplines including psychology, sociology and social work.International Journal of Educational Excellence () Vol.
1, No. 2, ISSN Phenomenology in Educational Qualitative Research: Philosophy as Science or. A Phenomenological Research Design Illustrated Thomas Groenewald Thomas Groenewald, Professional Educational Services, University of South Africa, Florida, Groenewald, T.
(). A phenomenological research design illustrated. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, This article includes a briefly explanation of. 4 Five Qualitative Approaches to Inquiry I n this chapter, we begin our detailed exploration of narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case studies.
As stated earlier, phenomenology constructs data by eliciting in-depth individual storytelling thereby garnering cumulative essence of the experience (Campbell, Introductive Methods to Qualitative Research: Course Notes, n.d., p.
METHODS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: PHENOMENOLOGICAL RESEARCH Charisse Gennevieve Ballad Ralph Julius Bawalan. A qualitative "approach" is a general way of thinking about conducting qualitative research.
It describes, either explicitly or implicitly, the purpose of the qualitative research, the role of the researcher(s), the stages of research, and the method of data analysis. here, four of the major qualitative approaches are introduced.Download