Round towers were hallmarks of these expansive castles and this too was an evolution of necessity as designers discovered that square towers had blind spots and that they were vulnerable to battering rams than round towers were.
One of the cultural icons that we associate with the medieval period of history is the castle. One influence The Crusades brought to all aspects of design was the influence of Greek and Turkish design ideas that came back with the armies that went off on the crusades.
It was the 10th and 11th centuries that brought tremendous change to Europe as the Catholic Church began to establish order to society and the union of Church with the system of Kings and Kingdoms lead to the crusades.
These defensive structures could be made with materials that were easy to find locally and inexpensive to utilize in large quantities. And because of the potential of larger, better equipped armies who could potentially come and assault the castle, more effort was made to make the castles impervious to such attacks.
The purpose of a medieval castle as a means of defense of its occupants was always paramount in design.
Early defensive castle structures were called Motte and Bailey. But the classic image of a medieval castle with the round turrets, the drawbridge and the moat was one that developed over my centuries as the materials that were used to make castles became more sophisticated and the job of castles changed with the times.
The use of castles as defensive structures tapered off with the rise of artillery and gunpowder. Before long, the large stone fortresses that we now think of as castles began to be built all over Europe.
From the fall of Rome to the birth of the Renaissance period spans some years and the changes in culture and what civilization looked like during those centuries was dramatic. So when it became possible to destroy such towers in a matter of days with artillery, military planners abandoned the castle as part of their defensive strategy.
The influence of the castle on culture did not fade away. It was in these centuries and the one that followed immediately that the elaborate and ornate castles that still stand today as tourist attractions were built.
Much of what we know as European castle design show influences from Turkey and the east because of those campaigns. The Domesday Book The narrow definition of what life was like during medieval times that comes from the entertainment industry is short sighted because it does not account for the fact that the middle ages was an extremely lengthy period in the history of civilization.
That is when the castle design evolved once again into what we now think of as a palace. The reasons for the changes came out of what was happening in the evolution of civilization at large.
From a castle building point of view, this was a time when we saw the rise of the conventional castle that we think of begin to take shape. The western image of a fort was more in keeping with what a 10th century castle looked like. And since medieval castles were so well made, many are still standing today that we can tour to get a feel for what life was like in medieval times for those who called medieval castles their homes.
Royal families and wealthy and influential persons in society took over the design. But they were not the elaborate stone structures we still see scattered around Europe today. Along with the military mission of these campaigns, there was a tremendous amount of cultural influences that happened when the armies went off to fight battles in far away lands.
A huge stone castle could take as much as ten years to build.In this essay I will talk about how much castles changed during the Middle Ages and the reasons for this. Motte & Bailey Castles ( – ) The first castles to be built in England by the Normans were called Motte & Bailey castles.
Sep 04, · Inmany ‘Shell Keep’ castles were built. These castles were made of stone, very strong and had round walls which made it. How much did Britain change during the Industrial Revolution?
By Tayo Alli During the time period of and Britain developed both socially and economically on a great scale.
By Tayo Alli During the time period of and Britain developed both socially and economically on a great scale. Don’t know much about castles outside of Europe. In Europe: Castles were specifically built to withstand sieges, in the beginning.
High strong walls, first made of wood, then stone. Then they started building barbacans, to create second and third lines of defense. When talking about the change in castle architecture, we should also consider what castles were for. The typical perception of castles is that they're militarised structures - fortresses designed for warfare, or to keep a grasp on the surrounding area.
Mar 24, · If you enjoyed this video and would like to see more, please like and perhaps subscribe as it would be much appreciated! Tell me in the comments what next Jeremy Hattenborough should document about in, historical chain.Download